Features of the Concorde that other aircraft do not have:
As any aircraft approaches the speed of
sound (1100 ft/s, 343 m/s), the air pressure
builds up in front of the aircraft, forming a
"wall" of air. To punch through that wall of
air, planes must be streamlined.
•Swept-back delta wing
•Vertical tail design
•The long, narrow shape of the
Concorde reduces the drag on the
plane as it moves through the air.
•9 of March 1959 - Thinking of commercial
supersonic planes - Great Britain
•17 of August1962 –(Handley Page) HP-115
tests a supersonic wing - Great-Britain
•31 of December 1968 – The Soviets create
the Tupolev TU-144, nicknamed Concorde,
is the first supersonic commercial plane to fly
. It flew for 38 minutes.
•2 of March 1969 -Toulouse, Concorde 001
•9 of April of 1969 - Up to Concorde 002.
• of October 1969 – Concorde 001 crosses
sound barrier - Toulouse .
•18 of February 1973- The TU-144 where
withdrawn from any further flights with no
reason given, after two of them crashed.
•21 of January 1976 –First comercial flight for
•23 of July 2000 - British Airways discloses
that cracks had been found in the wings of all
seven of its Concorde jets. Air France makes
a similar disclosure the following day, having
found cracks in four of its six Concordes.
•25 of July 2000- An Air France Concorde
flying to New York crashes outside Paris
shortly after takeoff, killing all 113 people on
board and four people on the ground.
•A Boeing 747 aircraft cruises at about 560
mph (901 kph, or Mach 0.84) at an altitude of
35,000 ft (10,675 m). In contrast, the
Concorde cruises at 1,350 mph (2,172 kph, or
Mach 2) at an altitude of 60,000 ft (18,300
•The Concorde is limited in setting, it can
take 100 passengers while a Boeing 747 can
take up to 416 passangers.
•The Concorde has not video capabilities
because it was thought too heavy, however
the Boeing 747 does have it.
•The wing of the Concorde is thin, swept
back and triangular.
•There is no space between the fuselage and
the wing of the Concorde.
•The Concorde's wing is called a delta-wing
design and does the following:
•Reduces drag by being thin and swept back (55
degrees with the fuselage)
•Provides sufficient lift for takeoff and landing at
•Provides stability in flight so that no horizontal
stabilizers are needed on the tail
•The Concorde has a longer, needle-shaped nose
compared to most commercial jets:
•The nose helps penetrate the air, and can
be tilted down upon takeoff and landing
(13 degrees) so that the pilots can see the
•Also, the Concorde's nose has a visor to
protect the windshield when flying at
•The Concorde's engines are attached directly
to the underside of the wing without engine
struts. This design reduces air turbulence and
makes for a more stable engine.
•At supersonic speeds, engine struts would
be overstressed and likely to break.
•The Concorde's engines use afterburners to
gain additional thrust to reach supersonic
•Afterburners mix additional fuel with the
exhaust gases from the primary combustion
chamber and burn it to get more thrust.
•Main and auxiliary fuel tanks
•The Concorde has 17 fuel tanks that can hold a
total of 31,569 gallons (119,500 liters) of kerosene
•The Concorde also has three auxiliary or trim fuel
tanks that are use to maintain center of gravity equal
to center of lift.
•Because the Concorde moves faster than sound, the
air pressure and friction (collision with air molecules)
really heat up the plane. The temperature of the
aircraft's skin varies from 261 degrees Fahrenheit
(127 degrees Celsius) at the nose to 196 F (91 C) at the
•To help reflect and radiate this heat, the Concorde has
a high-reflectivity white paint that is about twice as
reflective as the white paint on other jets.
•To minimize the stress on the aircraft, the Concorde
is made of a special aluminum alloy (AU2GN) that is
lightweight and more heat-tolerant than titanium.