Nov 23, 2011

my AutoCAD Design of Concorde plane!




Concorde


Features of  the Concorde that other aircraft do not have:

As any aircraft approaches the speed of 

sound (1100 ft/s, 343 m/s), the air pressure 

builds up in front of the aircraft, forming a 

"wall" of air. To punch through that wall of 

air, planes must be streamlined.

Streamlined design

Needle-like fuselage

Swept-back delta wing

Movable nose

Vertical tail design

The long, narrow shape of the 

Concorde reduces the drag on the 

plane as it moves through the air.


concorde

 


                                   History:


9 of March 1959 - Thinking of commercial 

supersonic planes - Great Britain  


17 of August1962 –(Handley Page) HP-115 

tests a supersonic wing - Great-Britain


31 of December 1968 – The Soviets create  
 

the Tupolev TU-144, nicknamed Concorde, 

is the first supersonic commercial plane to fly


. It flew for 38 minutes.


2 of March 1969 -Toulouse, Concorde 001 


takes off.


9 of April of 1969 - Up to Concorde 002.
 

of October 1969 – Concorde 001 crosses 

sound barrier - Toulouse .

18 of February 1973- The TU-144 where 

withdrawn from any further flights with no 

reason given, after two of them crashed.







21 of January 1976 –First comercial flight for 

the concord.

23 of July 2000 - British Airways discloses 

that cracks had been found in the wings of all 

seven of its Concorde jets. Air France makes 

a similar disclosure the following day, having 

found cracks in four of its six Concordes.

25 of July 2000-  An Air France Concorde 

flying to New York crashes outside Paris 


 shortly after takeoff, killing all 113 people on 


board and four people on the ground.
.


A Boeing 747 aircraft cruises at about 560  

mph (901 kph, or Mach 0.84) at an altitude of 
 

35,000 ft (10,675 m). In contrast, the 

Concorde cruises at 1,350 mph (2,172 kph, or  

Mach 2) at an altitude of 60,000 ft (18,300 

m).

The Concorde is limited in setting, it can 

 only 

take 100 passengers while a Boeing 747 can 

take up to 416 passangers.

The Concorde has not video capabilities 

because it was thought too heavy, however 

the Boeing 747 does have it. 


The wing of the Concorde is thin, swept 

back and triangular.

There is no space between the fuselage and 

the wing of the Concorde.

The Concorde's wing is called a delta-wing 

design and does the following:


Reduces drag by being thin and swept back (55 

degrees with the fuselage)

Provides sufficient lift for takeoff and landing at 

subsonic speeds

Provides stability in flight so that no horizontal 

stabilizers are needed on the tail

 

The Concorde has a longer, needle-shaped nose 

compared to most commercial jets:

The nose helps penetrate the air, and can 

be tilted down upon takeoff and landing 

(13 degrees) so that the pilots can see the 

runway.

Also, the Concorde's nose has a visor to 

protect the windshield when flying at 

supersonic speeds.  


The Concorde's engines are attached directly 

to the underside of the wing without engine 

struts. This design reduces air turbulence and 

makes for a more stable engine.

At supersonic speeds, engine struts would 

be overstressed and likely to break.

The Concorde's engines use afterburners to 

gain additional thrust to reach supersonic 

speeds.

Afterburners mix additional fuel with the 


exhaust gases from the primary combustion 


chamber and burn it to get more thrust.
 

Main and auxiliary fuel tanks

The Concorde has 17 fuel tanks that can hold a 


total of 31,569 gallons (119,500 liters) of kerosene 


fuel.

The Concorde also has three auxiliary or trim fuel 

tanks that are use to maintain center of gravity equal 


to center of lift.

High-reflectivity Paint

Because the Concorde moves faster than sound, the 


air pressure and friction (collision with air molecules) 


really heat up the plane. The temperature of the 


aircraft's skin varies from 261 degrees Fahrenheit 

(127 degrees Celsius) at the nose to 196 F (91 C) at the 

tail.

To help reflect and radiate this heat, the Concorde has 


a high-reflectivity white paint that is about twice as  
 
reflective as the white paint on other jets.

To minimize the stress on the aircraft, the Concorde 


is made of a special aluminum alloy (AU2GN) that is 

lightweight and more heat-tolerant than titanium. 

                                                                         2907

1 comment:

  1. good job ! I already knew you have a lot of good ideas !

    ReplyDelete